Venezuela - the big country in the north of South America was discovered by the Europeans in recent years, as a target for an interesting holiday in an extraordinary area. After a flight lasting almost 10 hours, the traveller reaches an exotic country. Even though most of the visitors have to become accustomed to the tropical, humid climate with an annual average temperature of about 28 ° C, the capital of Caracas is a raging experience. There, about 3 million people are living, but due to the many slum dwellers this could never be determined accurately.
On the coast of the Caribbean Sea, Caracas also offers museums and cultural sites, based on the long history of the city founded on the soil where Columbus already had established a colony. The country Venezuela extends over an area of 912 050 sq km, the population totals around 25 million people. National language is Spanish. The Venezuelan natural phenomena are ranging from the foothills of the Andes in the north-west across the Maracaibosee to the vast grasslands of the lowland Llanos of the Orinoco.
The bulk of the Venezuelan population is mestizo, or mulattos. The white population is at 20% and 10% are black. The number of Native American population declined in recent decades and decreased dramatically. Venezuela's populations welfare mainly depends on the oil-economy (the country is a member of OPEC), agriculture and mining.
As the first Europeans probably Columbus entered the land of Venezuela. Thereafter the country remained in Spanish possession until it was liberated by the South American national hero Simon Bolivar in the 19th Century.
For visitors of Venezuela the Salto Angel in the south of the country is a particularly impressive goal. This waterfall is the highest on earth and is located at the Canaima National Park. In the Caribbean, there is another fascinating natural destination - the Isla Margarita. The small island has become much opened to tourism and offers endless white sandy beaches and many relics of pre-Columbian culture, which are well worth it, to get discovered.