Location: The South American is a country at both the open Atlantic Ocean and at the Caribbean Sea. Venezuela borders on Colombia in the west, Guyana in the east and on Brazil in the south.
Landscapes shape: Venezuela is positioned on the three metropolitan areas of South America, the Andean mountains, the central lowlands and the old plates. The Colombian Eastern cordillera at Venezuela are divided again into the Cordillera de Perijá 5007 m and the emergent Cordillera de Merida, on which the Venezuelan coastal area follows. In Venezuela there is the well-known bifurcation where an arm flows into an arm of another river) between the Amazon and the Orinoco system. In the central south of Orinoco there are the Lianos. They are mixed wetland savannas in the higher parts of gallery forest and periodically floode in the lower parts. The oldest geologically part is the Guiana Shield with a granite soil, and over it is a stunning landscape of old sediments with its layers mounting up to an altitude of 3000 meters.
Mineral resources: Venezuela is a resource-rich country. Already in 1917 at Maracaibo Lake large oil fields were discovered. since then, on both sides of the Andean mountains more oil has been tapped. The also existing natural gas is still hardly used. Very rich stock of high quality iron ore are dismantled at the northern edge of the mountainous country of Guyana, where, more recently, bauxite gets raised. Both minerals get processed in the heavy industrial complex of Ciudad Guayana with the help of the energy of the nearby Guri power plant. Otherwise, Venezuela still has some phosphate, asbestos, copper, nickel and titanium deposits. Gold is also something to gain. The richness of pearls on the coast played a big role in the colonial era, what caused the foundation of Nueva Cadiz.
Climate: The climate is tropical and characterised by the change of the rainy summer season and the winter dryness. The seasonal temperatures are very constant (in the lowlands at 28 ° C average temperature). The temperature varies with altitude, so that European temperatures prevail on the mountains average height level. The rainfall decreases from south to north continuously.