Plant World: Venezuela is tropical, and its north has got a longer dry season. Tropical rain forests are therefore to find only in the extreme south, they change to the north into green dry forests and savannahs. Due to the large altitude differences, the Andes gave all levels of tropical vegetation to Venezuela, hence in Tierra heiada above 3500 m Espeletia plant has developed. Lianos in the interior of the country's Orinoco basin has got extensive grass corridors; the gallery forests borders are shapefully filling the landscape.
Wildlife: The huge variety of species in Venezuelan wildlife is protected by the reduced industrial development. A wide variety is characterized as the bird world, including hummingbirds and parrots. In the savannahs you can find armadillos and primeval lizards in French Guiana Highlands.
Environmental problems: To keep the endangered flora and fauna protected the state has established 37 parks and natural monuments. The lakes of the country are heavily polluted, especially the Valencia lake has become a cesspool after the deforestation in the area of its hydrographical system, whereby the lakes natural runoff has decreased. The industrial sewers of the industrial region of Valencia end in the lake, but can no longer be drained.