Ciudad Bolivar In the colonial city on the southern shore of the Orinoco, Simon Bolivar and his compatriots like some British legionaries, formed an efficient army against the Spanish colonial power. Bolivars capital in 1817 was also a significant city for trading gold and diamond. It is originally called "Angostura" according to the gorge portion of the Orinoco which was navigable only up to that place. This name has remained known as the bitters that get produced since these days. In today's capital of the province of Bolivar the atmosphere of the colonial age is still alive. It is interesting to see old colony buildings, the activity at the docks and the suspension bridge over the Orinoco (1678 m).
Ciudad Guiana The drawing board city was established in the course of a gigantic industrialisation project (1961) and has quickly developed according to the iron and steel industry. As a centre of the mining-processing and metal-processing industry Ciuda Guiana should set an antipole to the crude oil metropolis of Maracaibo. A new hydroelectric power plant established at Rio Caroni guarantees the energy supply of the future megacity. 135 km in the south of the city is the biggest iron mine of Venezuela, Cerro Bolivar which can be visited.
Coro 1527 capital of Falcon was founded and it still owns the old city centre with buildings of the colonial era, partly from the time of the Welser. The city invites to the Zona Colonial, because it counts to few closed historical centres of Venezuela.
Cumana The oldest colonial city of Venezuela (1521) is near to nice beaches and presents itself with its colonial constructions in everlasting glamour. Castillo de San Antonio, the Iglesia Santa Ines and the Fort Santiago belong to the worth seeing constructions. 80 km southeast of the city there is the limestone cave "Cuevadel Guachara". Lago de Guanoco Not far from Ciudad Guiana is the biggest asphalt lake of the world.
Salto Angel (250 km to the south of Ciudad Guiana) The American Jimmy Angel flew over the waterfalls in 1937 without knowing that he had discovered the highest falls of the world (1009 m). A visit of the waterfalls which are 17-times higher than the Niagara Falls is possible only by helicopter.
San Cristobal The city was founded 1561 and has saved its colonial character. It is a good starting point for expeditions to the Sierra from the south.
San Jüan de los Morros On the edge of the levels (Llanos), the gigantic lowland in the south of Caracas, there is the city of the Llaneros. These people, living on cattle breeding, offer an understanding for the liveliness and the lust for life of Venezuelan culture.