Located in a fertile valley on the slopes of the Parque Avila, the provincial capital of Caracas is on spring climate, muggy and hot only in summer. This is the "sky" of Caracas, the "hell" are dense traffic, noise, exhaust and the poverty of the Caracenos. Frequently, the megacity Caracas is covered under a single cloud of smog. 1567 Diego de Losada founded the city "Santiago de Leon de los Caracas”, that had previously been inhabited by a Caribbean tribe called the Caraca. By severe earthquakes in 16-17 the city was destroyed. Today, Caracas is a metropolis, shaped in an industrial design of modern contemporary architecture. In the period when the Underground was build some districts have been carefully restored. Sabana Grande is now the most popular shopping and entertainment centre of the city.
Avenida Bolivar: The 1953 is designed with their main 32 level towers (Centro Bolivar), the shopping and office complexes, for the cosmopolitan and wealthy Caracas. Other important public buildings are surrounding the Centro Bolivar. The San Francisco Church is one of the few from the 16th Century, the interior includes several carved wooden altars. Near the church is the Biblioteca Nacional placed in the building of the former University.
Parque Central: The gigantic housing office complex was developed in the years of "boom" and should be the symbol of the rising industrial city of Caracas.
Parque de los caboas: In the "Park of mahogany trees" you can find an alternative to the hustle and bustle of metropolitan Caracas and relax on the paved paths and experience cultivated trees and artworks.
Parque de los proceres: The plant is dedicated to the freedom fighters and founding fathers of Caracas and Venezuela and the statues gallery of these personalities is a reminder of independence (Fig. p. 1963).
Pico avila: From Monte Avila (2137 m) offers a splendid view over the long valley in which Caracas is embedded. Since the cable car has been broken, the climb must be done by foot.
Plaza Bolivar: The former Plaza Mayor with the equestrian statue of Bolivar (1874) is at the heart of the Old Town. The square is surrounded by important buildings. The old cathedral, which was built in 16th century is now transformed into a Neo-Gothic style cathedral (Fig. p. 1963). Their interior features are a wooden altar and some of Rubens paintings. The Town Council (Concejo Municipal) shows interesting exhibits about the city's history. The Casa Natal de Simon Bolivar is not the actual birthplace of the Latin American liberator, but it contains a contemporary interior and mementos of Bolivars life.
Museums of Caracas
Museo de Arte Colonial: The Museum of Colonial Art presents a collection of paintings and objects of the colonial era.
Colonia Tovar (60 km): The location of 1843, founded by immigrants from the German Kaiserstuhl, is a tourist attraction. The residents still have their German language and way of life.
La Guaira: The city, founded in 1588 is the most important seaport of Venezuela. The former trading base of the Basques (Casa Guipuzcoana) now is a cultural center.